Некоторые результаты

инициативного исследования современных русских националистических организаций,  (в т.ч. нелегальных): их идеологии и форм активности.

 

 

Abstract

The events in Ukraine in 2013-2014 attracted the Russian society’s attention and affected the Russian political agenda. One of the most affected sectors of the Russian domestic policy was Russian nationalist organizations. The issue of radical nationalism has become essential for European countries and for Russia in particular. But this object is rather difficult to be empirical studied. This paper provides such a study based on some methodical ideas. One of the ideas was to combine qualitative and quantitive sociological methods. As the result of applying such a quantitive method as Latent Class Analysis, it was argued that Russian nationalist movement undergone a profound crisis because of the Ukrainian events and was split alike Russian society was. Then, the article provides the arguments of those nationalist organizations which position contradicted the predominating Russian public opinion on the Ukrainian issue. These arguments were gained by means of interviews with the organizations representatives.

Keywords: Russian Nationalism, Ukraine, Maidan, Empirical Study, Latent Class Analysis

 

Аннотация

Статья посвящена применению стратегии mixed methods (смешанных методов) для исследования современных русских националистических организаций. Эта стратегия позволяет решить целый ряд научных проблем: полноценно изучить современные русские националистические организации, труднодоступные для исследования количественными методами в силу информационной и культурной закрытости, выявить глубинные причинно-следственные закономерности функционирования этих организаций качественными методами (не позволяющими провести математическую верификацию результатов). Исследование, на результатах которого основана статья, реализует разновидность стратегии mixed methods: «qual- >QUANT->qual». Представлены дизайн и результаты каждого этапа, в частности выявленные компоненты идеологий изучаемых организаций (идентификация источника угрозы, тип национализма, включая расизм, желаемые границы государства и экономическая модель, тип религиозности, отношение к СССР), их иерархия и математическое обоснование того, что базовым компонентом выступает именно отношение к СССР.

Ключевые слова: mixed methods, русский национализм, идеология, СССР, логлинейный анализ, обоснованная теория

 

Abstract

The article addresses to the mixed methods strategy applying to the modern Russian nationalist organizations studying. This strategy matches to solve simultaneously the several scientific problems: i) the low degree of the mentioned organizations exploration, ii) the difficulty in studying these organizations by means of qualitative methods (i.e. which results may be verified by means of mathematics) because they are informationally and culturally closed, iii) the mismatching between the defining latent causality purpose and qualitative methods (i.e. which results may NOT be verified by means of mathematics) applying opportunity. The research, which results comprised the basement for this article, fulfilled the “qual->QUANT->qual” variant of the mixed methods strategy. The report depicts a design and a result of the research’s each step. Thus, it depicts the identified components of the exploring organizations ideologies: standpoints regarding the USSR, organizations’ perception regarding those who threats Russia, type of nationalism (including racism), organizations’ preferences regarding the Russia’s territory, organizations’ preferences regarding religion, organizations’ preferring economic models. Then, it depicts these components hierarchy and mathematic arguing that the basic component is the standpoints regarding the USSR.

Keywords: mixed methods, Russian nationalism, ideology, USSR, loglinear analysis, grounded theory

© А. Ротмистров

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